The G20 summit held on the island of Bali in the shadow of the raging conflict between Russia and Ukraine has dominated Urdu press coverage over the past week as major daily newspapers Urdu spotlighted India’s takeover of the G20 presidency, exposing various challenges ahead of New Delhi at the center of geopolitics even as they highlighted Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s speech that India’s leadership of the grouping will be ‘inclusive, ambitious, decisive and action-oriented’. The Supreme Court’s decision to address the sensitive issue of religious conversion when hearing a petition sparked a range of opinions in the Urdu press, with some daily newspapers dismissing conversion as merely a political fear campaign without little factual basis or substance.
In its Nov. 15 editorial, titled “Jabri Tabdili Mazhab (Forced Religious Conversion),” the Hyderabad-based Siasat writes that one’s religion is an individual matter and that the Constitution has given all citizens the basic right to choose and practice any religion. but not engage in religious conversion by force or coercion. The daily points out that upon hearing a PIL, the Supreme Court declared that “forced” religious conversion is a “very dangerous” matter and can, if not curbed, “ultimately affect the security of the nation and freedom of religion and conscience”. citizens “. The Supreme Court also asked the Center to “clarify its position and counter actions that may be taken by Union and/or others to curb such forced conversion, perhaps by force, seduction or fraudulent means.” “.
Arguing that every citizen has the right under the Constitution to adhere to any religion, the editorial notes that there is, however, no freedom to compel anyone to choose a religion by force. “Lately, such incidents have come to light where people have been lured into converting fraudulently. They have also been intimidated that they will have to adopt a particular religion or else they will not be allowed to live in this country… The remarks of the Supreme Court are significant and clarify that forced conversion is a very serious matter and that no one could be permitted to do so. And that those who indulge in it are fanatics.
Emphasizing that India is a secular country where the State has no religion, the daily notes that equal respect for all religions and equal rights for their followers are enshrined in the Constitution. “However, there have been reports from some remote or tribal areas of people being forced to change their religion by various illegal means or intimidation in violation of the Constitution, which is regrettable. No religion in the world allows forcible conversion, because a religion cannot be coercion, fear or enticements. Thus, those who engage in forced conversion must question whether they are not serving the interest of the country or spreading their faith,” the edition said, adding that, in accordance with the directives of the Supreme Court , the Center should examine the matter thoroughly in the light of the Constitution and the laws. and take effective measures to ensure that no one is allowed to exploit people in the name of religion.
Commenting on India’s takeover of the G20 chairmanship from Indonesia at the Bali summit, Bengaluru-based Salar in his Nov. 18 op-ed says the Bali statement strongly advocates an immediate cessation of Russian- Ukrainian peoples and a peaceful resolution of their conflict while making it clear that the world does not want war. The daily writes that India will have to play a key role in this regard at the head of the G20, a major body of developed and developing countries of the world. Stressing that the G20 Bali summit has been overshadowed by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and divisions among its members over their continued conflict, he says India’s global leadership will now be put on the back burner. ordeal, even though the next gathering of the grouping will be held in New Delhi in September 2023. India will also need to direct its efforts towards stabilizing the faltering global economy which has been hit hard in the form of rising inflation and food and energy crises.
The editorial points out that India has maintained that the Russian-Ukrainian war must end immediately and that their conflict must be resolved through dialogue and diplomacy. “Significantly, during their bilateral meeting (on the sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit in Samarkand) in September, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had told Russian President Vladimir Putin that ‘now is not the time war,” he notes, pointing out that the communiqué adopted at the Bali summit echoes Modi’s message to Putin.
Listing various challenges facing India at the center of geopolitics as it assumes the leadership of the G20, the daily notes that New Delhi has remained non-partisan on the Russian-Ukrainian conflict from the start and has also shown it to the United Nations, choosing to pursue its own independent foreign policy despite intense pressure from the United States and other Western countries to join them against Russia. India also did not support their sanctions against Russia, especially the restrictions on buying oil from Moscow. “The world now looks to India as a global leader who can play a decisive role through dialogue and diplomacy to end this devastating war. India will need the support of the world to accomplish this mission”, adds the editorial staff.
ROZNAMA RASHTRIYA SAHARA
As the world population passes 8 billion, the multi-edition Roznama Rashtriya Sahara, in its November 15 editorial, points out that according to the United Nations projection, the world population will peak at 10.4 billion in 2080. India, which has over 1.4 billion people, is expected to overtake China to become the world’s most populous country by 2023. It took just 12 years for the world’s population to grow from 7 billion to 8 billion, even though its growth will now stabilize or slow down. The daily notes that more than half of the world’s population lives in Asia. “Earth’s inhabitants are divided along lines of religion, race, language, culture, region, etc. Several world leaders issue platitudes about all of humanity, but when it comes to the self-interest of their country, the emptiness of their high claims is exposed,” it says.
“On June 28, 1914, when Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated, who had thought it would lead to World War I, which, in turn, paved the way for the emergence of leaders like Hitler and Mussolini, resulting in World War II which saw mass deaths on an unprecedented scale culminating in the United States’ decision to drop atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki,” the editorial reads, adding that the end of World War II didn’t quite end global tensions and conflict, although it did lead to a nuclear arms race between countries for power and dominance.” The irony is that powerful countries have repeatedly justified wars for the interest and welfare of mankind. In launching the aggression against Iraq, the then US President George W Bush also sought to make such assertions, though this war remains a stain on the face of mankind…Let it be Whether it is the West’s war on Iraq or Russia’s ongoing aggression against Ukraine, humanity becomes the victim because no war could ever be justified. World leaders should also focus on resolving civil conflicts raging in countries like Syria, Sudan or Somalia.
The daily writes that people lack meaningful human rights in a host of countries, whose leaders believe no one would ever dare to stand up to challenge their dictatorial regimes. However, when on December 17, 2010, the editorial notes, a young Al-Buazizi protester set himself on fire in Tunisia, it sparked the Jasmine Revolution there and inspired a larger pro-democracy protest movement. broad, the Arab Spring, against several autocratic regimes in Tunisia. the Middle East and North Africa, where leaders like Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Muammar Gaddafi, Hosni Mubarak and Ali Abdullah Saleh have been deposed.